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Everything you need to know before visiting Milford Sound

A Woman in a camouflage Cap standing in front of a dramatic mountain waterfall

Updated on June 6th, 2023

Milford Sound is one of the most iconic sights of New Zealand & a must see for anyone visiting this outdoor adventure lover’s paradise. It was once touted as the 8th Wonder of the World & as you are dwarfed by the sheer size of the epic scenery surrounding you, it’s hard to argue. With more than one million tourists a year, there are lots of choices to get the most out of visiting Milford Sound. Here is my guide to finding the best option for you.”


A zoomed in map of New Zealand with an avatar of blonde woman stuck above the words Milford Sound
Milford Sound - Everything you need to know before Visiting Milford Sound

Milford Sound, Fiordland National Park, New Zealand


Rudyard Kipling once said that Milford Sound was the 8th Wonder of the World. I have to admit that after a day trip in January 2020, it’s hard to argue with the legend who created the Jungle Book! Milford Sound was carved by glaciers that have left cliffs rising from the water of epic proportions. No matter how you decide to visit, you will feel dwarfed by the scale of your surroundings & aware of the very small space you occupy in the world.

In addition, you have waterfalls 3 times higher than Niagara, a unique marine ecosystem & the best hike in the world. It is easy to see how Milford Sound has become the most iconic & famous site in New Zealand.”

Two women in blue coats with their hoods up smiling at the camera on boat with other passengers passing by a step mountain rising from the shore. With white text overlay and red YouTube button

Interested to read more on New Zealand? Check out my 10 Best Things to do in Queenstown or my travel stories from my misadventures back in 1995.

Everything you need to know before visiting Milford Sound

Milford Sound - Everything you need to know before Visiting Milford Sound

So, if you are in New Zealand, visiting Milford Sound should definitely be part of your itinerary. The Sound itself welcomes 1 million visitors per year so there are numerous choices depending on your time, budget & interests. I have provided this guide to give you everything you need to plan your perfect trip.

What time of year is best to visit Milford Sound?

You can visit Milford Sound throughout the year but will have more choice over how you do it during the summer months (October to April). At any time of year, don’t be put off by the rain. Fiordland National Park can get up to 7 metres of rain per year. It would be very rare to visit Milford Sound on a day when there is no rain at all. After precipitation, the landscapes are at their best. Rain means waterfalls. Some will appear before your very eyes; others will become even more epic in proportions.

Advice from a local is that the perfect time to visit Milford Sound is in August & September. These months will give you good weather, fewer tourists & snow on the peaks of the mountains.

If you can, avoid February due to sheer numbers of tourists, especially the two weeks around Chinese New Year.”

What are the highlights of a visit to Milford Sound?
The dark imposing Mitre Peak, Milford Sound looms triangular straight from the shore

At every glance, this natural beauty will take your breath away but in particular, make sure you get a good view for:

  • Mitre Peak

Mitre Peak images have made Milford Sound one of the most famous & photographed sites in New Zealand. The view of the peak is iconic as it rises like an almost perfect triangle 1692m above the water.

  • Stirling Falls
Everything you need to know before Visiting Milford Sound

With a drop of 151 metres, Stirling Falls is three times higher than Niagara. However, as the water cascades from the 1.3km high mountain behind, it is hard to get a perspective on how high this fall really is. We were told that if the spray hits your face, you will look 10 years younger. I ensured I had a soaking, but I can’t claim it worked! ;). Stirling Falls is only one of 2 permanently visible waterfalls on Milford Sound.

  • Harrison Cove
Giant triangular peaks rise from beside the lake at Milford Sound

Harrison Cove is the location of the Underwater Observatory which is only accessible by boat. You can learn more about the geology & wildlife of Milford Sound & get a chance to observe the rare black coral growing in its natural habitat.

  • Tasman Sea

Milford Sound has a unique ecosystem where fresh glacial water sits on top of the warmer water from the sea. It creates conditions that are loved by the marine life which call this body of water home. On most boat tours you take a short trip into the choppier waters beyond the heads.

On my visit we were lucky to be followed in by a pod of dolphins who chose to perform a few tricks for us. I never fail to find seeing wild dolphins a thrill! Apparently, we were lucky as you only get this once every couple of weeks. If you are even luckier you may spot a rare Fiordland crested penguin.”

  • Milford SoundSeal Rock

Not far from the entrance from the Tasman Sea is Seal Rock, a popular basking spot for the local seal population. We also spotted a few playing in the water throughout the Sound.

  • Milford SoundBowen Falls

Close to the start & end of any boat tour, Bowen Falls is the most visible of all the waterfalls on Milford Sound. It is also the highest at 162 metres & the source of all electricity & drinking water for the township of Milford Sound.

Best Ways to see Milford Sound

The sheer popularity of this UNESCO World Heritage Area means that you have all manner of options to view this awe-inspiring landscape from every foreseeable angle. Your only limitation will be your time & your budget.

  1. Stirling Falls, Milford SoundGo on a Scenic Cruise

The best way to see the drama while visiting Milford Sound is on a cruise & there are numerous companies offering to take you onto the water. If you have a choice, opt for one later in the day as these will be quieter. The coach tours tend to time their trips for the lunchtime cruises so these are always busier. There will be more people on the boats, more boats on the water & more traffic along the route. If you go later, you may also get a better deal on the price. Smaller boats (think 75 people maximum) allow you to get closer to the waterfalls & the wildlife. Nature cruises tend to be a little longer & will have a nature guide on board so bear this in mind if you have a particular interest.

There are lots of suggestions below.

  1. Paddle a Kayak

If weather permits & you are keen to get even closer to the action, then a kayak tour sounds like an amazing opportunity. I can think of nowhere better to be at one with nature & feel how small you are in the world. For experienced kayakers, there are excursions the full length of the Sound or others take you under epic Stirling Falls. For beginners, there is the option for a shorter 2-hour paddle, maybe with a hike added in for good measure.

  1. Take a Hike

The best views of Milford Sound are from either the air or the water, however, if you fancy a short hike as well, then try the Foreshore Walk. It’s an interpretive 400m loop walk, which will take 30 minutes to complete & begins close to the terminal. Some of the cruises also offer the opportunity for a few short walks along the way or in summer a 2 ½ hour hike from Key Summit on the Routeburn Track.

For really serious walkers though, the Milford Track is a multi-day hike which is said to be the finest walk in the world. You can only take on this spectacular journey if you book ahead & each year the track sells out quickly.”

Alternatively, take a shorter hike along the route with some cruise options too.

  1. Get Under the Water

The conditions of Milford Sound create one of the most unique diving experiences in the world. Descend Scuba diving offer tours that include 2 dives where you can see the rare black coral & over 150 species of fish in this fascinating ecosystem. Alternatively, if you book one of the kayak tours or certain cruises, you get the option to stay dry while visiting the Underwater Observatory at Harrison Cove.

  1. Stay overnight on the water

Another alternative for visiting Milford Sound is to stay overnight while you cruise. In addition to everything else, you have the perfect vantage point for both sunset & sunrise with this spectacular backdrop. There is no more peaceful way to wake up than being so close to nature in the middle of a UNESCO World Heritage Area. Staying overnight will also enable you to enjoy your surroundings even further with a hike &/or kayak, should you wish.

  1. Take to the Air

Scenic Flights or helicopter tours are the other way of visiting Milford Sound for a different angle on this epic scenery. Along the way gaze in awe at glacial lakes, forested deep valleys & stunning waterfalls. Flights leave from Queenstown & also offer cruises as part of the package. Helicopter tours include an amazing opportunity to experience a glacial landing (weather permitting).

Turquoise water flows between giant rising green mountains as far as the eye can seeHow to get to Milford Sound

The best way to get to Milford Sound for me is to drive. However, it is not a journey for the fainthearted! There is only one road in & out & the 120km drive from Te Anau to Milford Sound throws everything at you. There are switchbacks, corners, inclines, avalanches, traffic, tunnels & in the winter, ice on the roads. But it also one of the most spectacular road trips anywhere in the world. If you fancy experiencing the drive for yourself, check out my guide with everything you need to know before you take on the Te Anau to Milford Sound Drive.

Scenic Bus Tour

If you are travelling solo, then probably the best option is to take a scenic bus tour, of which there are plenty to choose from. These leave from either Queenstown (13 hours in total) or Te Anau (9 hours). Many have glass ceilings to observe the full splendour of your surroundings. They will stop at all the main viewpoints along the journey, & deliver you safely for your boat tour, usually around midday.

For the best experience, opt for a small group (11-15 people).”

From Te Anau
From Queenstown
Scenic Flight & Cruise

A scenic flight can either fly you both ways or you can opt for a flight, cruise, bus option, depending on your time & budget.

Where to stay at Milford Sound

There is only one place to stay locally & that is the Milford Sound Lodge, hence why most options will be day trips. They offer either rooms in the lodge itself or on one of the more luxurious chalets near the water. Alternatively, you can opt to stay in either Te Anau or Queenstown. I chose the excellent Radford’s on the Lake, in Te Anau but there are loads of options for all levels of budget. Check the box below.


In Queenstown, I stayed at Peppers Beacon which was in a great location with views of Lake Wakatipu & The Remarkables. For your perfect bed for the night, check the box below.


What to pack for visiting Milford Sound

Expect four seasons in one day on a visit to Milford Sound & pack accordingly.

  • Warm layers. When I visited, we had strong icy winds, sunshine & showers. Expect everything & come prepared with plenty of layers.
  • Waterproofs. If you take the boat, you can opt to stay inside, but why be in nature & not experience it in its raw form? Even if it doesn’t rain, don’t miss the chance of feeling the spray from the waterfalls on your face, hence why you need your waterproofs!
  • Warm hat. The wind can be cold on your ears so keep them protected if you can.
  • Insect repellent in anticipation of a sandfly attack.
  • Sunscreen, even if the sun isn’t shining.
  • Your camera, with plenty of battery life & memory space.

When visiting New Zealand, you cannot miss a trip to Milford Sound. The sheer scale of the awe-inspiring landscape will take your breath away. I hope I have provided you with everything you need to make it the perfect day to create memories to cherish for the rest of your life.

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Everything you need to know before visiting Milford Sound

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  1. We will definitely have to put Milford Sound on our itinerary when we finally get a trip to New Zealand scheduled. Good to know there are more choices for touring if you visit in the summer. Even if it does mean it might be more busy. I would certainly want a tour that covers all of those amazing sights. Probably means not doing it by kayak! The option to stay overnight on the water sounds intriguing.

    1. Thank you Linda & glad I’ve given you plenty of information to make the best choice to explore Milford Sound when you get there. Sue x

  2. I haven’t made it to New Zealand yet – and quite honestly, I always thought it wasn’t that special for the long trip from Europe. But I can see from your post that at least for nature lovers, it must be true paradise – so maybe someday, I’ll bite the bullet and go on that long flight 😉 What I’d like to know, though, is if it is possible to travel around by public transport since I’m not driving and since public transport is so pathetic in the US, I always think it’s equally bad in every English-speaking country….apart from Great Britain. I know it’s not logical, but….so me!

    1. Thank you, Renata. I do hope you get to New Zealand one day as I’m sure you will love it. Both times I have visited, I have been on a road trip but I do also believe that the bus network is fairly good & the distances certainly not as far as the USA or Australia. I know some routes also are connected by train. It’s an interesting question though & one I would like to find an answer to next time I visit. Sue x

  3. I have heard much about Milford Sound and reading your comprehensive post has just made this destination a top must visit when in New Zealand. I like your tip on the best time to visit – the last I made my list on New Zealand, I was planning a visit in January/February but seeing that a local has advised August/September to be best – I must update my list with this information.

    1. Thank you, Georgina, really pleased you found the post useful & I hope you get there yourself one day. definitely worth moving up the list 😉 Sue x

  4. What a wonderful area to visit! The 8th wonder of the world seems amazing! I hope to have the opportunity to visit here one day!

  5. Lovely post. We visited Milford sound way back in 1998 while driving around NZ in a “campervan”. We opted for the coach/bus tour from Te Anu as it wasn’t recommended to take the small motorhome on that crazy road. It was stunningly beautiful and I would do it again in a heartbeat.

    1. Thank you Kristina & glad it brought back some great memories. It was my second visit too & I would definitely go back for a third! Sue x

  6. Our time in NZ ranks at the top of our travel loves – and Milford Sound was a amazing. If I can it is a place I would love to visit again. We lucked out with the weather and also visited in February. Meanwhile, there is still so much to do there that we missed, and your post covers some great ideas. Saving for my next visit…

    1. Thank you, Laureen, I would go back again too! Always love having a reason to revisit. I hope you enjoy it as much when you do. Sue x

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